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Annual Report 2006-2007 PESRA
AND STAFF RELATIONS ACT
ANNUAL REPORT 2006–2007
PUBLIC SERVICE LABOUR RELATIONS BOARD
© Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada 2007
This publication is also available on the Board's Web site at :
The Honourable Josée Verner, P.C., M.P.
Minister of Canadian Heritage, Status of Women and Official Languages
House of Commons
Ottawa, K1A 0A6
It is my pleasure to transmit to you, pursuant to section 84 of the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act, the Annual Report of the administration of that Act by the Public Service Labour Relations Board covering the period from April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007, for submission to Parliament.
Casper M. Bloom, Q.C., Ad. E.
PARLIAMENTARY EMPLOYMENT AND
STAFF RELATIONS ACT
Public Service Labour Relations Board
PARLIAMENTARY EMPLOYMENT AND
STAFF RELATIONS ACT
Public Service Labour Relations Board
2006 – 2007
- Casper M. Bloom, Q.C., Ad. E.
- Ian R. Mackenzie
- Sylvie Matteau (term ended September 1, 2006)
- Georges Nadeau
- Michele A. Pineau (appointed January 1, 2007)
- Full-time Members:
- Dan Butler
- Barry Done
- Léo-Paul Guindon
- Dan Quigley
- Jean-Pierre Tessier (term ended February 28, 2007)
- Part-time Members:
- Bruce Archibald Q.C.
- Ruth Elizabeth Bilson Q.C.
- Mary Ellen Cummings
- Joan Gordon
- Thomas Kuttner, Q.C.
- Paul E. Love
- Kenneth E. Norman
- John J. Steeves
- Denise Wilson
PRINCIPAL STAFF OFFICERS OF THE BOARD
- Executive Director of the Board and General Counsel:
- Pierre Hamel
- Director, Dispute Resolution Services:
- Guy Baron
- Director, Compensation Analysis and Research Services:
- Guy Lalonde
- Director, Registry Operations and Policy:
- Susan Mailer
- Director, Corporate Services:
- Denise Benoit
- Director, Financial Services:
- Robert Sabourin
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE BOARD
- GRIEVANCE ADJUDICATION
- OTHER PROCEEDINGS
Bargaining Units and Bargaining Agents under the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act, April 1 2006 to March 31, 2007
Adjudication References, April 1, 2000 to March 31, 2007
Adjudication References Brought Forward and Received, April 1, 2000 to March 31, 2007
In 1986, the Parliament of Canada passed the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act (PESRA). Part I of this Act gives employees of parliamentary institutions the right to form a union in order to negotiate collectively the conditions of their employment. Part I also gives employees the right to lodge grievances concerning these conditions and, in certain cases, to refer these grievances to adjudication before a neutral third party.
Part I is administered and applied by the Public Service Labour Relations Board (the Board), a quasi-judicial tribunal established under the Public Service Labour Relations Act. The Board consists of a Chairperson, up to three Vice-Chairpersons, and such other full-time members and part-time members as the Governor in Council considers necessary.
Under the PESRA, the Board hears various matters: applications by employee organizations for certification to become the bargaining agent representing employees; complaints of unfair labour practices; designation of persons employed in managerial and confidential capacities; and adjudication of disputes.
The Board also adjudicates grievances concerning the interpretation and application of provisions of collective agreements, significant disciplinary action, and all forms of termination of employment except rejection on probation during initial appointments. Grievances concerning demotion, appointment, and classification may also be referred to adjudication but are determined, not by a Board Member, but by an external adjudicator chosen by the parties, which are equally responsible for the adjudicator's compensation and expenses.
Through its mediation services, the Board also assists parties unable to resolve their disputes at the bargaining table. This assistance may lead to a resolution without the need for the dispute to be heard formally by the Board, or may limit the number of issues.
The PESRA provides for only one means of resolving disputes if bargaining comes to an impasse: arbitration. In these situations, the Board acts as an arbitration board. After hearing the parties, it renders a decision on the issues. These decisions form part of the collective agreements and apply to the parties and to employees.
Proceedings before the Board
In 2006-2007, the Board dealt with 55 cases under the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act (PESRA). Of these, 46 were grievances, 3 were complaints, and 6 pertained to other applications.
1) Grievance Adjudication
In 2006-2007, the bulk of proceedings before the Board concerned grievances. In that time period, the Board processed 46 grievances. Of these cases, 41 had been carried over from previous years and 5 were new.
Under the PESRA there are three types of adjudicable grievances. The first type arises out of the application or interpretation of collective agreements or arbitral awards. Such grievances cannot be referred without the approval and support of the bargaining agent. In 2006-2007, the Board processed 6 of these grievances: 4 were from the House of Commons and 2 were from the Library of Parliament.
The second type refers to disciplinary actions resulting in suspension or a financial penalty and to termination of employment, other than rejection on probation in respect of an initial appointment. A member of the Board acting as an adjudicator hears these grievances. In 2006-2007, the Board dealt with 12 such grievances- 11 from the House of Commons and 1 from the Senate.
The third type includes grievances concerning demotion of employees, denials of appointment, and classification. These are heard and determined by an adjudicator selected by the parties. The Board processed 28 of these grievances. Three were from the House of Commons and 25 were from the Library of Parliament. All but one of the latter pertained to allegations of incorrect reclassification.
As of April 1, 2007, of these 46 grievances, 2 were on hold pending the outcome of mediation, 4 were on hold pending other reasons, 3 were scheduled for a hearing, and 14 were awaiting the scheduling of a hearing. Twenty-three (23) cases were considered completed. Of those cases, 4 were settled, 3 were granted, 3 were dismissed, and 13 were withdrawn.
Section 13 of the PESRA requires the Board to examine and inquire into an alleged failure to observe any prohibition contained in sections 6, 7 or 8; to comply with any regulation respecting grievances made by the Board pursuant to section 71; and to give effect to any provision of an arbitral award or to a decision of an adjudicator with respect to a grievance.
Where the Board upholds a complaint, it has authority under this section to order remedial action. If such action is not carried out, section 14 provides that the Board shall make a report to Parliament.
The Board processed 3 complaints in 2006-2007. As of March 31, 2007, of these 3 complaints, 1 case had been settled, 1 case had been dismissed, and 1 case was scheduled to be heard in 2007-2008.
3) Other Proceedings
Enforcement of obligations of employer and employee
Section 70 of the PESRA requires the Board to inquire into allegations that cannot be the subject of a grievance by an individual employee. These come about when the employer or the bargaining agent seeks to enforce an obligation alleged to arise out of a collective agreement or arbitral award. No such cases were dealt with in 2006-2007.
Applications for certification
Under section 18 of the PESRA, an employee organization may submit an application to be certified as bargaining agent for a bargaining unit. The Board did not receive any such applications in 2006-2007.
Application to review certification
On November 14, 2005, the House of Commons employer filed an application with the Board under section 17 of the PESRA requesting a review of the existing bargaining unit structure. The respondents-the Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada, the Public Service Alliance of Canada, the House of Commons Security Service Employees Association, and the Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada-represent seven bargaining units that would be affected by this application. The matter is scheduled to be heard in 2007-08.
Determination of membership in bargaining unit
Under section 24 of the PESRA, the employer or an employee organization may ask the Board to determine whether an employee or class of employees is included in a bargaining unit. The Board dealt with no such applications in 2006-2007.
Application for declaration of successor rights
Section 36 of the PESRA provides for the Board to determine what rights, privileges and duties are acquired or retained by an employee organization after a merger or amalgamation or a transfer of jurisdiction, other than as a result of revocation of certification. The Board did not receive any such applications in 2006-2007.
Notice to bargain collectively
Section 37 of the PESRA provides that either the bargaining agent or the employer may require, by written notice, to commence bargaining collectively, with a view to concluding a collective agreement. In 2006-2007, the Board dealt with 1 Notice to Bargain Collectively from the Canadian Association of Professional Employees in order to commence bargaining with the Library of Parliament.
Applications under section 38
Section 38 of the PESRA requires the parties to bargain collectively in good faith >and make every reasonable effort to conclude a collective agreement. The Board did not deal with any allegations of a violation of section 38 in 2006-2007.
Request for the appointment of a conciliator
Under section 40 of the PESRA, parties unable to reach agreement on any term or condition of employment embodied in a collective agreement may ask the Chairperson to appoint a conciliator to assist them in reaching an agreement. The Board dealt with no such requests in 2006-2007.
Section 46 of the PESRA provides that binding arbitration is the only method available for the resolution of interest disputes; there is no right to strike under the Act. The Board dealt with 3 requests for arbitration in this fiscal year. As of March 31, 2007, 1 case was settled pending confirmation, and 2 were considered completed.
Requests for extensions of time
An application was received in 2006-2007 for an extension of time in relation to the presentation of a grievance, as provided for under Section 79 of the P.E.S.R.A. Regulations and Rules of Procedure. It is on hold pending mediation in 2007-2008.
When a proceeding is brought before the Board, dispute resolution services are offered to help parties resolve their differences without resorting to a formal hearing. In 2006-2007, mediation was not sought out by the parties to resolve any grievances.
Table 1: Bargaining Units and Bargaining Agents under the
Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act
1 April 2005 – 31 March 2006
|Bargaining Units||Bargaining Agents|
(HOUSE OF COMMONS AS EMPLOYER)
|Technical Group||Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada|
|Protective Services Group||House of Commons Security Services Employees Association|
|Procedural Sub-group and Analysis/ Reference Sub-group in the Parliamentary Programs Group||Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada|
|Operational Group (except for part-time cleaners classified at the OP A level)||Public Service Alliance of Canada|
|Reporting Sub-group and Text Processing Sub-group in the Parliamentary Programs Group||Public Service Alliance of Canada|
|Postal Services Sub-group in the Administrative Support Group||Public Service Alliance of Canada|
(SENATE OF CANADA AS EMPLOYER)
|Legislative Clerk Sub-group in the Administrative Support Group||Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada|
|Protective Service Sub-group in the Operational Group||Senate Protective Service Employees Association|
|Operational Group (except for employees in the Protective Service Sub-group)||Public Service Alliance of Canada|
(LIBRARY OF PARLIAMENT AS EMPLOYER)
|Library Science (Reference) and Library Science (Cataloguing) Sub-groups in the Research and Library Services Group||Public Service Alliance of Canada|
|Administrative and Support Group||Public Service Alliance of Canada|
|Library Technician Sub-group in the Research and Library Services Group||Public Service Alliance of Canada|
|Research Officer and Research Assistant Sub-groups in the Research and Library Services Group||Canadian Association of Professional Employees|
Table 2: Adjudication References
April 1, 2000 to March 31, 2007
|Interpretations [Para. 63(l)(a)]||Discipline [Paras. 63(l) (b) & (c)]||Party & Party [Sec. 70]||Sub-Total||Paras. 63(l) (d), (e) & (f)||Total|
|Cumulative Totals December 24, 1986 to March 31, 2007|
Adjudication References Brought Forward and Received
April 1, 2000 to March 31, 2007